The railroad tracks connect Jakarta to its neighboring cities: Depok and Bogor to the south, Tangerang and Serpong to the west, and Bekasi, Karawang, and Cikampek to the east. The major rail stations are Gambir, Jatinegara, Manggarai, Tanah Abang and Jakarta Kota.
Bus is the main transportation between places. There are a large number of bus companies servicing routes in Jakarta. Many of the larger buses seat 25-40 people (depending on type of bus). Bus companies consist of government-owned PPD and Damri, which provide service to the airport. Private companies consist of such as Metro Mini (non-air conditioned). Some buses are air conditioned like Mayasari and Patas AC; they are more expensive. Other bus lines are run by cooperatives like Kopaja and Kopami (non-air conditioned).
All buses have set routes and set fares, but not set schedules. The buses have set prices (which should be posted on the bus). If you’re not sure of the fare, ask other passengers what it is. Pay the “conductor”, who is usually hanging out the back door.
Inter-city buses to other cities in Java and Sumatra can be found at the biggest bus stations – Pulo Gadung, Kampung Rambutan, Lebak Bulus, Blok M, and Kota.
- MIKROLET / ANGKOT
Mikrolet and angkot (these vehicles go by other names as well) are smaller vans/mini-buses that serve set routes on smaller main roads. They seat 9-12 people, depending on the type. Fares depend on the distance.
The beginning and end points of the routes are visible on the front and back of each bus, along with a route number. For example: Tanah Abang – Meruya M11.
Taxis are metered (using “argometer”), but sometimes the drivers refuse to use the meter and ask you for a certain amount instead, although they are supposed to use the meter. If you are not in a hurry in Jakarta, insist on using the meter or get another cab. In some places (such as train stations), some taxis inside the parking area refuse to use the meter. Get taxis from the street, instead. All taxis in Jakarta have air conditioning. For security reason we recommend you to reserve Blue Bird taxi by phone. You call Blue Bird Group at 021- 79171234. Blue Bird Group provides 24 hour-service.
- TRANS JAKARTA (bus way)
In 2004, the government formed a bus way system named Trans Jakarta; it serves the initial 1st corridor route running from Blok M to Stasiun Jakarta Kota. The bus way takes less than half an hour to traverse a route which would normally take more than an hour during peak hours. Nowadays, corridors routes of the bus way are 9 corridors, they are:
- 1st corridor : Blok M – Kota
- 2nd corridor : Harmoni – Pulogadung
- 3rd corridor : Kalideres – Harmoni
- 4th corridor : Pulogadung – Dukuh Atas 2
- 5th corridor : Kampung Melayu – Ancol
- 6th corridor : Ragunan – Dukuh Atas
- 7th corridor : Kampung Rambutan – Kampung Melayu
- 8th corridor : Lebak Bulus – Harmoni
- 9th corridor : Pinang Ranti – Pluit
- 10th corridor : Tanjung Priok – Cililitan
- 11th corridor : Pulogebang – Kampung Melayu
- 12th corridor : Tanjungpriok – Pluit \
Route Map : http://transjakarta.co.id/peta-rute/
Ticket is Rp. 3,500 (July 2011) per trip or Rp. 2,000 if you take the bus between 05.00AM to 07.00AM. Passenger who change direction or transit to another corridor will no need to buy another ticket as long as they do not exit the shelter.
Trans Jakarta buses use fully dedicated road lanes. The buses have the doors that are higher than normal buses, so they can only reached from the special bus way stops.
Trans Jakarta bus stops (shelter) are also different from normal stops. They are typically located in the center of the road and reached by elevated bridges. Tickets are purchased at the shelter entrance.
- OJEK (motorcycle taxis)
Ojek is other transportation you can choose. It is a kind of bajaj but using a motorcycle. By law all motorcycle passengers should wear helmets, so ojek drivers should have a spare for you to wear. Ojek tend to congregate at t-junctions on main roads and near smaller roads that are not serviced by bus routes. The driver of the motorcycle will take you to your destination with a prior negotiable fee.
- DRIVING LICENSE
To drive a car or a motorcycle you need a driving license. Many countries issue International Driving Licenses which are valid in Indonesia. In case you need one, you may get an International Driving License here in Jakarta. For further information regarding this matter, kindly check on http://www.expat.or.id/info/driverslicense.html